Port Said - History
as sid or sad, Port Said is a city in north-eastern Egypt, a port
on the Mediterranean Sea, at the entrance to the Suez Canal. The
city was named after Said Pasha, the khedive of Egypt and is built
on low, sandy ground between Lake Manzilah and the Mediterranean Sea. It
is a fuelling station for ships travelling the canal route. It is also a
summer resort. The location, however, has a history that stretches back
to the times of the pharaohs and was once a productive agricultural area.
Said was established in 1859, when work on the Suez Canal began. In
1869 the Suez Canal was opened, this is the beginning of decades of
prosperity for the city. In
1904 a railroad to Cairo was completed.
There were heavy damages from bombing during the Suez-Sinai War in 1956.
construction of Aswan High Dam in the 1960’s cut off the flow of
nutrients into the Mediterranean Sea from the delta. This resulted in a
lack of food for the sardines that were the basis of the Port Said
fishing industry, which has since virtually disappeared.
1967 there were new damages from the Six-Day War. In the year of 1973,
bombing destroyed the centre of Port Said, during the Yom Kippur War.
Diocese of Port-Said was founded in 1976 by bishop Tadros.
The exemption of sellable internationally imported goods from custom
duties and taxes greatly favoured the expansion of tourism in the
interior. Economic life and harbour activities are closely linked to the
existence of the Canal: shipping agencies, import-export firms, many
imported merchandises. A
new port is now being constructed east of Port-Fouad.
economical base of Port Said is fishing and industries like chemicals,
processed food, and cigarettes. There
are now electric generation plants and computer and technical
manufacturing. The railroad was expanded to link Port Said with other
Today, Port Said looks like a completely modern "town" in Egyptian terms, as it has become popular with shoppers from all over Egypt for its duty-free goods.
© copyright 2000-2001 - MIDEASTTRAVELLING.net